zinātne

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See also: zinātnē

Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From zinā(t) (to know) +‎ -tne. A 19th-century neologism coined in 1868 by A. Kronvalds as ziņote, and later on (1873) changed to its modern form. It competed with J. Alunāns' zinātnība, which enjoyed some popularity in the 1870s, and which was later (1878) officially changed to zinība by a commission of the Riga Latvian society. Only at the beginning of the 20th century did Kronvalds' zinātne become the accepted standard form.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zinātne f (5th declension)

  1. (chiefly in the singular) science (system of practices for the acquisition, organization, and usage of theoretical knowledge; the knowledge gained with this system)
    mūsdienu zinātnemodern science
    zinātnes attīstībathe development of science, scientific development
    zinātnes nozaresthe branches of science
    zinātnes nozīmethe importance, significance of science
  2. science (a specific part of the knowledge acquired with this system; a specific branch or subdiscipline)
    fundamentālā zinātnefundamental science
    humanitārās zinātneshumanities, human sciences
    eksaktās zinātnesexact sciences
    tehniskās zinātnestechnical sciences, engineering
    teorētiskās zinātnestheoretical sciences
    lietišķās zinātnesapplied sciences
    dabas zinātnessciences of nature, natural sciences
    tiesību zinātnejurisprudence (lit. juridical science)
    literatūras zinātneliterary science

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zinātne”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7