zvīņa

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See also: zvīna, zvīnā, and zvīņā

Latvian[edit]

Zivju zvīņas (1)
Čiekura zvīņas (2)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žu(w)- (with the suffixes *-in and (feminine) *-(y)a), from the same stem as Latvian zivs (fish) (q.v.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zvīņa m

  1. (dialectal form) genitive singular form of zvīnis

zvīņa f (4th declension)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) scales (little bone-like plates that cover and protect the body of fish, reptiles, etc.)
    raga zvīņas — bone scales
    zivju zvīņas — fish scales
    zivis ar spožām zvīņām — fish with shiny scales
    nokasīt zvīņas — to scrape off the scales
    zvīņu karpascaly carp (breed of carp with smooth, golden scales)
  2. (chiefly in the plural) scales (diverse more or less flat growths on various plant organs; small, reduced plant organs or their parts)
    čiekura zvīņas — pine cone scales
    tas bija vecs dīķis, zaļām aļģu zvīņām klāts — it was an old pond, covered with green algae scales
    sīpols var būt līdz 7 cm garumā un līdz 3 cm diametrā, to klāj brūnas zvīņas — an onion can be up to 7 cm long and up to 3 cm in diameter, covered by brown scales
  3. (chiefly in the plural) scale-like parts, layers (on a substance)
    plānas kārtainas ledus zvīņas — thin, laminated ice scales (on a puddle)
    tā sastāv no sīkām zvīņām, kas ir kristāliskā grafīta kārtas — it consists of tiny scales, which are the layers of crystalline graphite
  4. (chiefly in the plural) skin flakes, scales (made of dead skin cells)
    blaugznu zvīņas — dandruff scales, flakes
    sausa āda ir jutīga, caurspīdīga, dažreiz tā viegli lobās, it kā būtu noklāta ar zvīņām — dry skin is sensitive, clear, sometimes it sheds easily, as if it were covered with scales

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In all senses, the plural forms (zvīņas, etc.) are much more frequently used than the singular forms (zvīņa, etc.).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “zvīņa” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7