zvīņa

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See also: zvīna, zvīnā, and zvīņā

Latvian[edit]

Zivju zvīņas (1)
Čiekura zvīņas (2)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žu(w)- (with the suffixes *-in and (feminine) *-(y)a), from the same stem as Latvian zivs (fish) (q.v.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zvīņa m

  1. (dialectal form) genitive singular form of zvīnis

zvīņa f (4th declension)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) scales (little bone-like plates that cover and protect the body of fish, reptiles, etc.)
    raga zvīņasbone scales
    zivju zvīņasfish scales
    zivis ar spožām zvīņāmfish with shiny scales
    nokasīt zvīņasto scrape off the scales
    zvīņu karpascaly carp (breed of carp with smooth, golden scales)
  2. (chiefly in the plural) scales (diverse more or less flat growths on various plant organs; small, reduced plant organs or their parts)
    čiekura zvīņaspine cone scales
    tas bija vecs dīķis, zaļām aļģu zvīņām klātsit was an old pond, covered with green algae scales
    sīpols var būt līdz 7 cm garumā un līdz 3 cm diametrā, to klāj brūnas zvīņasan onion can be up to 7 cm long and up to 3 cm in diameter, covered by brown scales
  3. (chiefly in the plural) scale-like parts, layers (on a substance)
    plānas kārtainas ledus zvīņasthin, laminated ice scales (on a puddle)
    tā sastāv no sīkām zvīņām, kas ir kristāliskā grafīta kārtasit consists of tiny scales, which are the layers of crystalline graphite
  4. (chiefly in the plural) skin flakes, scales (made of dead skin cells)
    blaugznu zvīņasdandruff scales, flakes
    sausa āda ir jutīga, caurspīdīga, dažreiz tā viegli lobās, it kā būtu noklāta ar zvīņāmdry skin is sensitive, clear, sometimes it sheds easily, as if it were covered with scales

Usage notes[edit]

In all senses, the plural forms (zvīņas, etc.) are much more frequently used than the singular forms (zvīņa, etc.).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zvīņa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7