þæt

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Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þat, representing the Indo-European demonstrative pronouns *te-, *to-, adapted in West Germanic languages as definite articles. Cognate with Old Saxon thē, thiu, that (Low German de and dat), Dutch de and dat, Old High German ther, thiu, thaz (German der, die, das), Old Norse þat, Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐍄𐌰 (þata), Ancient Greek το (to), Lithuanian tàs m, f, Slavic *tъ, *ta, *to (Russian тот (tot), та (ta), то (to)). See also s- stem variants represented by Old English se, sēo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

þæt n

  1. definite article: the
    þæt scip: the ship
  2. demonstrative adjective: that, those
    þæt gewrit wrat Widsið: Widsith wrote that letter
  3. pronoun: it, they
    æfter þam...: after that...

Declension[edit]

Singular Plural
m n f
nominative þæt sēo þā
accusative þone þæt þā þā
genitive þæs þæs þǣre þāra, þǣra
dative þǣm, þām þǣm, þām þǣre þǣm, þām
instrumental þȳ, þī, þon

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þat.

Pronoun[edit]

þæt

  1. it
  2. that

Descendants[edit]