četri

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ketur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres (four) (stem *kʷetwer-, *kʷetur-), apparently an old compound, from *kʷa-, *kʷe- (and), and *tʷer-, *tur-, the same stem found in turēt (to hold, to keep), tvert (to grasp) (q.v.). In Latvian, Proto-Baltic *ketur- yielded at first cetri (IPA(key): [tsætri]), conserved in 16-18th century texts (as caetr, czaettri, czettri). The c was conserved in ceturtais, certurkārt, ceturksnis, but changed to č in četri perhaps under Slavic influence, helped by the final i (which also caused [æ] → [ɛ]). Cognates include Lithuanian keturì, Sudovian teter (from *kʲeter, from *ketur-), Old Prussian kettwirts (fourth), Old Church Slavonic чєтꙑрє (četyre), Russian четыре (četýre), Belarusian чатыры (čatýry), Ukrainian чотирі (čotýri), Bulgarian четири (čétiri), Czech čtyři, Polish cztery, Sanskrit चतुर् (čatur), Ancient Greek τέτταρες (téttares), (Homeric τέσσαρες (téssares), Doric τέτορες (tétores)), Latin quattuor.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Latvian cardinal numbers
3 4 5
    Cardinal : četri
    Ordinal : ceturtais
    Multiplier : četrreiz
    Nominal : četrinieks
    Fractional : ceturtdaļa
Latvian Wikipedia article on četri
(file)

Numeral[edit]

četri

  1. four (the cipher, the cardinal number four; sometimes undeclined)
    divi un divi ir četri — two plus two is four
    skaitīt līdz četri — to count to four
    uzrakstīt uz tāfeles četri — to write a four on the blackboard
    pie četriem pielikt piecus — to add five to four
  2. four (B, good, a school grade; syn. četrinieks)
    saņemt četri — to get a B (lit. four)
  3. four (an amount equal to four)
    četri kilometri, kilogramifour kilometers, kilograms (= kilos)
    ierasties pēc četrām stundām — to come in, after four hours
    aizbraukt uz četriem gadiem — to leave for four years
    izlasīt četras grāmatas nodaļas — to read four book chapters
    ar, uz visām četrām — on all four (hands and feet)
  4. four o'clock (a moment in time; four hours after midnight, or after noon)
    pulkstenis ir četri — it is four o'clock
    beigt darbu četros pēc pusdienas — to finish work at four o'clock after lunch (= in the afternoon)
    gaidīt no četriem līdz pieciem — to wait from four to five o'clock
    ap četriem — at about four o'clock

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “četri” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Numeral[edit]

četri

  1. (colloquial) four

Synonyms[edit]