ērts

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See also: erts

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past participle *ērtas of a Proto-Baltic verb *ērti (to loosen; to crumble) (compare Lithuanian iterative érdėti (to crumble)), from Proto-Indo-European *er- (loose, light, rare, sparse; to fail, to crumble, to disintegrate) (whence also Latvian irt (to crumble), q.v.). The meaning changed from “crumbling; loose” to “loose(ly fit),” “unencumbering,” “comfortable.” Cognates include Lithuanian er̃tas (wide, comfortable).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

ērts (def. ērtais, comp. ērtāks, sup. visērtākais; adv. ērti)

  1. comfortable, convenient (which can be carried out easily, unencumbered by problems or hindrances, undisturbed)
    lai būtu ērtāk strādāt, Ferdinands nometās laivā uz ceļiem — so that it would be more convenient, comfortable to work, Ferdinands set off on a boat
  2. comfortable, cosy (activity, situation, place, object (e.g., article of clothing) such that it gives this feeling of freedom and well-being)
    ērts dzīvokliscomfortable, cosy apartment
    ērtas istabascomfortable, cosy rooms
    ērts krēslscomfortable chair
    ērti svārkicomfortable skirt
  3. convenient, handy (simple, easy, expedient, not difficult to use)
    ērts satiksmes līdzeklisconvenient means of transportation
  4. (especially in the adverbial form, with the verb būt (to be)) convenient; adequate; polite
    nebūs ērti traucēt inženieri darbā; viņš droši vien ļoti aizņemts — it won't be adequate, polite to disturb the engineer in (his) work; he is probably very busy

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ērts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7