отец

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

отец (otécm

  1. father

Inflection[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Noun[edit]

отец (otecm

  1. father (religious)

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *otьcь, from Proto-Indo-European *átta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

оте́ц (otécm anim (genitive отца́, nominative plural отцы́)

  1. father
    крёстный оте́ц — godfather
    духо́вный оте́ц — confessor (see also духовник, исповедник)
    свято́й оте́ц — priest
    посажённый оте́ц — (at a wedding) proxy, sponsor
    отцов много, а мать одна́ (saying)there are many fathers but only one mother
    не хвали́сь отцо́м, а хвали́сь сы́ном-молодцо́м (proverb)don’t be proud of father, but take pride in a good son
    муж жене́ оте́ц, жена́ му́жу вене́ц (proverb)a husband is a father to his wife, and the wife is a crown for him
  2. ancestor
    отцы́ на́ши э́того не знава́ли и нам не приказа́ли (saying)our ancestors didn’t know of this and didn’t guide us.
  3. (figuratively) senior, superior, first of, chief
    Арара́т-гора́всем гора́м оте́ц — Mount Ararat is the father of mountains
  4. familiar term of address for an elderly man
  5. (figuratively) (colloquial) referring to a man who cares about sоmеbody or something like a father
    как родно́й оте́ц — like one’s own father
    Адам — оте́ц ро́да челове́ческогоAdam is the Father of man
    Сталин — отец народов — Stalin is the father of the nations
  6. (figuratively) (colloquial) founder, initiator of something
    Дарвин — отец тео́рии эволю́цииDarwin is the founder of the theory of evolution
    оте́ц враче́бной нау́киfather of medicine (about Hippocratus)
    отцы-основатели — Founding Fathers
  7. (figuratively) root, basis, source
    санскри́тский язы́к — оте́ц языко́в европе́йскихSanskrit is a root of the Indo-European languages
    нужда́ оте́ц дога́дки (proverb)(literally) need is the father of wit

Declension[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]