արեւ

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Armenian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արեւ (arew).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արեւ (arew)

  1. the sun

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂rew-i- (sun, sunshine), whence also Sanskrit रवि (ravi, sun), Hittite [script needed] (ḫaru(wa)nae, to become bright, get light, dawn). Related to արեգ (areg).

According to Martirosyan, Old Armenian արեւ (arew) / արեգ (areg) probably reflects an Indo-European or Armeno-Aryan poetically or sacrally marked designation of “sun”, replacing the Proto-Indo-European unmarked profane *sóh₂wl̥ (sun).

Noun[edit]

արեւ (arew

  1. the sun
    մուտք արեւուmutkʿ arewu ― sunset or sundown
    ելք արեւուelkʿ arewu ― sunrise
    ի մտանել արեւուi mtanel arewu ― the setting of the sun
    յելանել, ի ծագել արեւուyelanel, i cagel arewu ― the rising of the sun
  2. light of the sun
    յարեւու գալyarewu gal ― to come in broad daylight, to come before the sun sets
    զքաղցր արեւն յաչաց հանել, զրկել յարեւէzkʿałcʿr arewn yačʿacʿ hanel, zrkel yarewē ― to deprive of light, to blind
  3. (figuratively) life, day
    յարեւն երդնուլyarewn erdnul ― to swear by one's days or life
    յարեւէ արկանել, զարեւ հատանելyarewē arkanel, zarew hatanel ― to murder, to kill; to lose one's life
    ըմպել յարեւ ուրուքəmpel yarew urukʿ ― to drink to the health of some one, to toast

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, in classical Old Armenian արեւ (arew) referred to the light of the sun, while արեգակն (aregakn) was used for the star itself.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • արեւ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արեւ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արեգ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 9
  • “*areg-” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 135