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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from

Also Simplified from in complex characters, such as .

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿大 (TK), composition)

  1. frontier pass
  2. close
  3. relation
  4. a surname

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping gwaan1, Yale gwaan1)

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Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin guān (guan1), Wade-Giles kuan1)

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Verb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guān, traditional )

  1. to close, to shut
    • 我忘记关窗子了。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Wǒ wàngjì guān chuāngzǐ le. [Pinyin]
      I forgot to close the window.
    • 他在圣诞节时关了店铺 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]tā zài shèngdànjié shí guān le diànpù [Pinyin] — He shut up his shop at Christmas.
  2. to lock up
    • 那囚犯被关在单人牢房内。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Nà qiúfàn bèi guān zài dānrén láofáng nèi. [Pinyin]
      The prisoner was locked in a cell.
  3. to turn off, to switch off
    • 关电灯 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]guān diàndēng [Pinyin] — to switch the light off
  4. to concern
    • 这不关我的事。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Zhè bù guān wǒ de shì. [Pinyin]
      It does not concern me.

Antonyms[edit]

  • to open, to switch on

Proper noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin guān, traditional )

  1. A surname​. Guan

Compounds[edit]