勉強

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
べん
Grade: 3
きょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Sinitic 勉強.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

勉強 (hiragana べんきょう, historical hiragana べんきゃう, romaji benkyō)

  1. studying, studies, study
    成績 (せいせき)のためだけの勉強 (べんきょう)
    seiseki no tame dake no benkyō
    studying for the sole purpose of getting good grades
    ここは部活 (ぶかつ)などよりも勉強 (べんきょう)熱心 (ねっしん)学校 (がっこう)だ。
    koko wa bukatsu nado yori mo benkyō ni nesshin na gakkō da.
    This high school is more serious about studies than clubs or sports.

Verb[edit]

勉強 + する (hiragana べんきょうする, historical hiragana べんきゃうする, romaji benkyō suru)

  1. to study
    英語 (えいご)勉強 (べんきょう)する
    eigo o benkyō suru
    to study English
  2. to discount, to reduce the price of something
    勉強 (べんきょう)させてもらいます。
    Benkyō sasete moraimasu.
    I'll give you a discount.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 勉强
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin miǎnqiǎng
Zhuyin ㄇㄧㄢˇ ㄑㄧㄤˇ
IPA (key) /mi̯ɛn²¹⁴⁻³⁵ t͡ɕʰi̯ɑŋ²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/
Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Mainland, non-standard)
Pinyin miǎnqiáng
Zhuyin ㄇㄧㄢˇ ㄑㄧㄤˊ
IPA (key) /mi̯ɛn²¹⁴⁻²¹¹ t͡ɕʰi̯ɑŋ³⁵/

Adjective[edit]

勉強 (traditional, Pinyin miǎnqiǎng or miǎnqiáng, simplified 勉强)

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) forced; inadequate

Adverb[edit]

勉強 (traditional, Pinyin miǎnqiǎng or miǎnqiáng, simplified 勉强)

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) reluctantly; in a forced manner

Verb[edit]

勉強 (traditional, Pinyin miǎnqiǎng or miǎnqiáng, simplified 勉强)

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) to force somebody to do something

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Adverb[edit]

勉強

  1. Hán form of miễn cưỡng, "reluctant"