堅い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S

Etymology[edit]

The word 堅い was derived from ancient Japanese origin かたし (katashi: “hard”) and applied the meaning of Chinese letter 堅 that means keeping its physical shape or behaviour by its excellent quality.

Adjective[edit]

堅い (-i inflection, hiragana かたい, romaji katai)

  1. firm, resolute
    彼女 (かのじょ)結婚 (けっこん)への意思 (いし) (かた)かった
    kanojo no kekkon e no ishi wa katakatta.
    She was absolutely determined to get married.
  2. honest, steadfast
    その僧侶 (そうりょ) (かた) (おこな)いをする。
    sono sōryo wa katai okonai o suru.
    The behaviour of the priest is honest.
  3. stern, strict, serious
     (かた) (はなし)はそのへんにして。。。
    Katai hanashi wa sono hen ni shite. . .
    Be strict about that...
  4. safe
    三万円 (さんまんえん)用意 (ようい)しておけば (かた)
    sanman en o yōi shiteokeba katai.
    It will be safe if you prepare thirty thousand yen.
  5. indestructible, unwreckable
    この (とびら)鉄製 (てっせい) (かた)
    kono tobira wa tessei de katai.
    This door is iron-made and indestructible.

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Inflection[edit]