延長

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

延長

  1. to lengthen; to extend; to prolong

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 6
ちょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

(えん, en: “extend”) + (ちょう, chō: “length”)

Noun[edit]

延長 (hiragana えんちょう, romaji enchō)

  1. An extension of length or period.
    • 1949, 永井隆, この子を残して:
      来世 (らいせ)はこの ()時間 (じかん)延長 (えんそく)ではない。
      raise wa kono yo no jikan no ensoku de wa nai.
      The next world is not an extension of our time in this one.
  2. An extension of a rail line, road, etc.

Antonyms[edit]

  • (an act of extending a length or period): 短縮 (tanshuku)

Compounds[edit]

Verb[edit]

延長 + する (transitive, hiragana えんちょうする, romaji enchō suru)

  1. To extend a length or period.
    • 1907, 夏目漱石, 野分:
      しかし拘泥 (こうでい)苦痛 (くつう)一日 (いちにち) ()苦痛 (くつう)五日 (いつか)七日 (なのか)延長 (えんちょう)する苦痛 (くつう)である。
      shikashi kōdei no kutsū wa ichinichi de sumu kutsū o itsuka, nanoka ni enchō suru kutsū de aru.
      Being so particular, however, turns agonies ending in one day into ones extending into five or seven.

Conjugation[edit]