永久

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (永久, reconstructed)
Character (永), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 庚
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 于憬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwɣiæŋX/ /i̯wɐŋX/ /ɣiuɐŋX/ /ɦʷɯiaŋX/ /ɦwiajŋX/ /ɣĭwɐŋX/ /ɣiuaŋX/
Character (久), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 舉有切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨuX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/ /kiuX/ /kiuX/ /kuwX/ /kĭəuX/ /kiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (永久, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒng ‹ hjwaengX › /*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ long (time)
jiǔ ‹ kjuwX › /*[k]ʷəәʔ/ a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15423 0 /*ɢʷraŋʔ/
6969 0 /*kʷlɯʔ/

Adjective[edit]

永久

  1. permanent, long-lasting, eternal

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

永久 (-na inflection, hiragana えいきゅう, romaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. eternal
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana えいきゅう, romaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana えいきゅう, romaji Eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana とわ, romaji towa, historical hiragana とは)

  1. permanence

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

永久 (-na inflection, hiragana とこしえ, romaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana とこしえ, romaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Etymology 4[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

永久 (-na inflection, hiragana とこしなえ, romaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana とこしなえ, romaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.