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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 十中心 (JLP), composition)

  1. ashamed, humiliated
  2. shameful

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 398, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11095
  • Dae Jaweon: page 738, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6159

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慙), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 昨甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑm/ /d͡zʱɑm/ /d͡zɑm/ /d͡zɑm/ /d͡zam/ /d͡zɑm/ /d͡zɑm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cán ‹ dzam › /*[dz]ˤam/ ashamed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16789 1 /*zaːm/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune-Reischauer ch'am, Yale cham)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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References[edit]