散る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

散る (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ちる, romaji chiru)

  1. to become separated and scatter, such as leaves or blossoms
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 5, poem #798)
      {{Jpan|伊毛何美斯 阿布知乃波那波 知利奴倍斯 和何那久那美多 伊摩陀飛那久尓
      いもがみし あふちのはなは ちりぬべし わがなくなみた いまだひなくに
      imo ga mi shi afuchi no hana wa chirinu beshi wa ga naku namita ima da hi naku ni
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Currently obsolete.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

散る (intransitive, hiragana ある, romaji aru)

  1. (obsolete) to become scattered
  2. (obsolete) to become distant emotionally

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese. Currently obsolete.

Plural counterpart to 分かる (wakaru, one thing separates from another). Intransitive counterpart to 散つ (akatsu, to separate or scatter multiple things), itself the plural counterpart to 分かつ (wakatsu, to separate one thing from another). Compare underlying root verbs aku (明く, 開く, 空く: "to open, to spread, to empty") and waku (分く, 別く: "to split, to divide").

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

散る (intransitive, hiragana あかる, romaji akaru)

  1. (obsolete) to scatter, to become dispersed