下二段活用

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しも
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
だん
Grade: 6
かつ
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 2

Etymology[edit]

A compound of 下二段 (shimo nidan, lower bigrade) and 活用 (katsuyō, conjugation). Lower bigrade verbs eventually change into lower monograde. Lower refers to the -e- suffix and contrasts with the upper -i-, while bigrade refers to the two-way e/u variation.

Noun[edit]

下二段活用 (hiragana しもにだんかつよう, romaji shimo nidan katsuyō)

  1. (grammar) lower bigrade conjugation, a verbal conjugation class with the following inflections: e | e | u | uru | ure | e[yo]. Examples:
Imperfective (未然形) Continuative (連用形) Terminal (終止形) Attributive (連体形) Realis (已然形)
(modern Hypothetical (仮定形))
Imperative (命令形)
uk- "to receive" uk-e uk-e uk-u uk-uru uk-ure uk-e[yo]
nig- "to flee" nig-e nig-e nig-u nig-uru nig-ure nig-e[yo]
tab- "to eat" tab-e tab-e tab-u tab-uru tab-ure tab-e[yo]

See also[edit]

Related terms[edit]