法律

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Chinese[edit]

 
law; method; way; Buddhist teaching; Legalist; France (abbrev.)
law
simp. and trad.
(法律)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (法律, reconstructed)
Character (法), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 乏
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 方乏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨɐp̚/ /pi̯wɐp̚/ /piɐp̚/ /piɐp̚/ /puap̚/ /pĭwɐp̚/ /piɐp̚/
Character (律), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 術
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 呂卹切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuɪt̚/ /li̯uĕt̚/ /liuĕt̚/ /lʷit̚/ /lwit̚/ /lĭuĕt̚/ /ljuet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (法律, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pjop › /*[p.k]ap/ model, law
‹ lwit › /*[r]ut/ law, rule (n.)
‹ lwit › /*[r]ut/ 不律 writing brush (pron. in Wú 吳 ap. Shuōwén; E. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2867 1 /*pqab/ 說文灋省文
15978 2 /*rud/

Noun[edit]

法律

  1. law
  2. law; act; statute

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (法律):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 4
りつ
Grade: 6
on'yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Noun[edit]

法律 (hiragana ほうりつ, romaji hōritsu)

  1. The field, profession, and study of law. The rule of law. (Synonym: 法学)
  2. A statute. An act of a legislature.
    • その法律不当だ。
      そのほうりつふとうだ。
      sono hōritsu wa futō da.
      That law is unjust.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

法律 (beomnyul) (hangeul 법률)

  1. Hanja form? of 법률, “law”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

法律

  1. Hán tự form of pháp luật, "law"