琥珀

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from a language in Central Asia during the Han Dynasty.

Book of Han: "(the country of Jibin in the Western Regions) produces bison, buffalo, elephants, big dogs (kuchis?), macaques, peacocks, jewels, corals, ambers and cat's eyes."
(﹝罽賓國﹞出封牛、水牛、象、大狗、沐猴、孔爵、珠璣、珊瑚、虎魄、璧流離。)

Compare Persian کهربا (kahrobâ, amber, straw-attractor), Turkish kehribar (amber). Probable Late Old Chinese pronunciation: /*qʰˁraʔ pʰˁrak/ (Baxter-Sagart, 2011). Variants: 虎魄, 虎珀. Borrowed by Japanese 琥珀 (kohaku), Korean 호박 (hobak), Vietnamese hổ phách.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

琥珀

  1. amber

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō

Noun[edit]

琥珀 (hiragana こはく, romaji kohaku)

  1. amber - a hard yellow to brown translucent fossil resin, used for jewellery.

Compounds[edit]