生物

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (生物, reconstructed)
Character (生), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所庚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Character (生), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 所敬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋH/ /ʂɐŋH/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ʃɯaŋH/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ʃaŋH/
Character (物), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 文弗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨut̚/ /mi̯uət̚/ /miuət̚/ /miut̚/ /mut̚/ /mĭuət̚/ /miuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (生物, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ sraeng › /*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
shēng ‹ sraeng › /*sreŋ/ fresh, raw
shēng ‹ srjaeng › /*sreŋ (or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
‹ mjut › /*C.mut/ thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/
11322 0 /*sreŋs/
13218 1 /*mɯd/

Noun[edit]

生物

  1. organism; living being
  2. Abbreviation of 生物學生物学 ("biology").

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生物):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

生物 (hiragana せいぶつ, romaji seibutsu)

  1. organism, creature

Related terms[edit]