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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (black) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +15, 27 strokes, cangjie input 田火土田金 (WFGWC), four-corner 64386)

  1. to dishonour / dishonor, defile, corrupt
  2. soiled

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1522, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48234
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2058, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4757, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9EF7

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Yale duk6)

  1. to tarnish
  2. to be rash about
  3. to corrupt

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dok) (hangeul , revised dok, McCune-Reischauer tok, Yale tok)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin (du2), Wade-Giles tu2)

  1. to tarnish
  2. to be rash about
  3. to corrupt

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(độc)

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