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Korean[edit]




유 ←

의 →

Etymology 1[edit]

Particle[edit]

(eul)

  1. particle indicating the direct object of a verb
Usage notes[edit]

Like other Korean particles, 을 (eul) is a postposition. It marks the preceding noun as the direct object of the following verb.

을 (eul) only comes after a word ending in a consonant. If the modified word ends in a vowel, (reul) is used instead:

  • + => 책을
    chaeg + eul => chaeg-eul
  • 사과 + => 사과를
    sagwa + reul => sagwa-reul

을 (eul) is optional if it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject).

If the noun is the main topic of the sentence and it can be inferred that the noun is the direct object (as opposed to the subject), (eun) may be used instead, though in many cases (eun) might be interpreted as a contrast.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Inflectional suffix[edit]

(-eul)

  1. a suffix helping the verb or adjective it is attached to act like a determiner, either indicating a future tense or not indicating any tense, as a part of set phrases.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -/ (-ㄹ/eul) is appended to the sequential form of a verb or an adjective.

E.g. 친구에게 수학 문제묻다(물으니) (to ask a friend a math problem) → 친구에게 물을 수학 문제 (a math problem to ask a friend)