-uus

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See also: -us and uus

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-uus (front vowel harmony variant -yys)

  1. Forms nouns from adjectives, expressing a quality.
    -uus
    punainen (red) → punaisuus (redness)
    nerokas (ingenious) → nerokkuus (ingenuity)
    -yys
    pyhä (holy) → pyhyys (holiness)
    pitkä (long) → pituus (length) *not pitkyys
    -us
    hauras (brittle) → hauraus (brittleness)
    kaunis (beautiful) → kauneus (beauty)
    komea (handsome) → komeus (handsomeness)
    -ys
    leveä (wide) → leveys (width)

Usage notes[edit]

As a main rule, the suffix is added to the stem of the adjective, but there is a lot of variation due to consonant gradation. If the stem ends in a vowel, the suffix is shortened to -us.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Proto-Indo-European perfect active participle *-wós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-uus

  1. forms adjectives on verbal stems
    contiguus, succiduus, vacuus

Usage notes[edit]

  • Originally forming the perfect active participle, as in ambiguus (having wandered), mortuus (having died), vacuus (having been empty).
  • The form -vus is used after vowels, l, and r, and -uus after all other other consonants, with the exception of qu. In this last case, the form -us is used.

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -uus -ua -uum -uī -uae -ua
genitive -uī -uae -uī -uōrum -uārum -uōrum
dative -uō -uae -uō -uīs -uīs -uīs
accusative -uum -uam -uum -uōs -uās -ua
ablative -uō -uā -uō -uīs -uīs -uīs
vocative -ue -ua -uum -uī -uae -ua

Derived terms[edit]