Appendix:American Dialect Society words of the year

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The following are recognized words from the American Dialect Society word of the year.

See also the American Dialect Society official website.

List[edit]

Year Word of the Year Notes
1990 bushlips (similar to "bullshit" – stemming from President George H. W. Bush's 1988 "Read my lips: no new taxes" broken promise)
1991 The mother of all (as in Saddam Hussein's foretold "Mother of all battles")
1992 Not! (meaning "just kidding")
1993 information superhighway
1994 cyber, morph (to change form)
1995 Web and (to) newt (to act aggressively as a newcomer).[1][2]
1996 mom (as in "soccer mom").[3][4]
1997 millennium bug [5][6]
1998 e- (as in "e-mail").[7][8]
1999 Y2K [9][10]
2000 chad (from the 2000 Presidential Election controversy in Florida).[11][12]
2001 9-11 [13][14]
2002 weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) [15][16]
2003 metrosexual [17][18]
2004 red state, blue state, purple state (from the 2004 presidential election).[19][20]
2005 truthiness popularized on The Colbert Report.[21][22]
2006 plutoed (demoted or devalued, as happened to the former planet Pluto).[23][24]
2007 subprime (an adjective used to describe a risky or less than ideal loan, mortgage, or investment).[25][26]
2008 bailout (a rescue by government of a failing corporation) [27]
2009 tweet (a short message sent via the Twitter service)[28]
2010 app [29]
2011 occupy (in reference to the Occupy movement)[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ritter, Jim, "1995's Word Of the Year: Either `Web' – Or `Newt'", Chicago Sun-Times, December 31, 1995. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  2. ^ "1995 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 1996. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  3. ^ Associated Press. "Linguists pick 'soccer mom' as 1996's word", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 5, 1997. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  4. ^ "1996 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 1997. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  5. ^ Smith, Sheron, "Word! 'Millennium Bug' is picked as top phrase of 1997", The Macon Telegraph, January 10, 1998. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  6. ^ "1997 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 1998. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  7. ^ Gallentine, Shana, "1998: Our society defined in just a few short words", The Red and Black, January 21, 1999. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  8. ^ "1998 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 1999. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  9. ^ Freeman, Jan, "Steal this coinage", The Boston Globe, June 18, 2000. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  10. ^ "1999 Words of the Year, Word of the 1990s, Word of the 20th Century, Word of the Millennium", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 2000. Retrieved on February 21, 2008.
  11. ^ Kershner, Vlae, "Help us choose the 'Word of the Year'", San Francisco Chronicle, December 11, 2002. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  12. ^ "2000 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 2001. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  13. ^ Scott, Janny, "A nation challenged: Language; Words of 9/11 Go From Coffee Shops To the Dictionaries", The New York Times, February 24, 2002. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  14. ^ "2001 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 2002. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  15. ^ "'W.M.D.' voted word of year", USA Today, January 6, 2003. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  16. ^ "2002 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 13, 2003. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  17. ^ Newman, Andrew Adam, "In Time of Studied Ambiguity, a Label for the Manly Man", The New York Times, October 10, 2005. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  18. ^ "2003 Words of the Year", Americandialect.org, American dialect Society, January 13, 2004. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  19. ^ Associated Press. "Linguists' phrase of the year: 'Red state, blue state, purple state'", The Seattle Times, January 10, 2005. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  20. ^ "2004 Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 7, 2005. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  21. ^ Nash, Margo, "Jersey Footlights", The New York Times, April 9, 2006. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  22. ^ "Truthiness Voted 2005 Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 6, 2006. Retrieved on February 8, 2008.
  23. ^ Newman, Andrew Adam, "How Dictionaries Define Publicity: the Word of the Year", The New York Times, December 10, 2007. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  24. ^ "'Plutoed' Voted 2006 Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 5, 2007. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  25. ^ "“Subprime” voted 2007 word of the year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, January 4, 2008. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  26. ^ Mullen, Jim, "LOL – Subprime is delighted to be word of the year", Chicago Sun-Times, January 23, 2008. Retrieved on February 19, 2008.
  27. ^ "'Bailout' voted Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, 2009.
  28. ^ Barrett, Grant, "Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, January 8, 2009. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
  29. ^ "'App' voted Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, 2011.
  30. ^ "Word of the Year", Americandialect.org, American Dialect Society, 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • 2007, Seth Lerer, Inventing English: A Portable History of the Language, Columbia University Press:
  • 2006, H.L. Mencken, The American Language: An Inquiry into the Development of English in the United States, Alfred A. Knopf:
  • 2002, Allan A. Metcalf, Predicting New Words: The Secrets of Their Success, Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company:
  • 2006, Walt Wolfram; Natalie Schilling-Estes, American English: Dialects and Variation, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing:

External links[edit]

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