Appendix:Declensions

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Czech[edit]

Esperanto[edit]

Noun Subject Object
Singular -o -on
Plural -oj -ojn
Adjective Subject Object
Singular -a -an
Plural -aj -ajn


Finnish[edit]

Georgian[edit]

Gothic[edit]

Greek[edit]

Hebrew[edit]

Ido[edit]

All nouns behave like regular Italian masculine nouns: -o in the singular and -i in the plural.

Irish[edit]

Italian[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Latin[edit]

Old English[edit]

Pali[edit]

Polish[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Russian[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Case Ending Examples Meaning
köy "village" ağaç "tree"
Nominative Ø (none) köy ağaç (the) village/tree
Genitive -in4 köyün ağacın the village's/tree's
of the village/tree
Dative -e² köye ağaca to the village/tree
Accusative -i4 köyü ağacı the village/tree
Ablative -den² köyden ağaçtan from the village/tree
Locative -de² köyde ağaçta in the village/on the tree

Note: superscript numbers mark Turkish vowel harmony.

Volapük[edit]

Volapük declension Singular Plural
Nominative vol (world) vols (worlds)
Genitive vola (of the world) volas (of the worlds)
Dative vole (to the world) voles (to the worlds)
Accusative voli (world) volis (worlds)