User talk:MGSpiller/templates

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Inflections and conjugations[edit]

See also Category:Conjugation and declension templates.

English[edit]

Templates exist for English language entries for nouns, adjectives, and verbs. The intent is to make the resulting layout more consistent.

Plurals of nouns[edit]

The following templates may be used under a ===Noun=== header to give the noun and its plural. Using these templates will also add the adjective to the "English nouns" category.

Use Template Example output
Countable nouns with regular plurals formed by adding s {{en-noun-reg}} On the page for tree {{en-noun-reg}} will produce
tree (plural trees)
Countable nouns with regular plurals formed by adding es {{en-noun-reg-es}} On the page for box {{en-noun-reg-es}} will produce
box (plural boxes)
Countable nouns that end in y preceded by a consonant and have regular plurals {{en-noun-reg-y}} On the page for baby {{en-noun-reg-y|bab|y}} will produce
baby (plural babies)
Countable nouns with irregular plurals {{en-noun-irreg}} On the page for mouse {{en-noun-irreg|mice}} will produce
mouse (plural mice)
Uncountable nouns {{en-noun-unc}} On the page for wetness {{en-noun-unc}} will produce
wetness (uncountable)
Nouns that are both countable and uncountable with regular plurals formed by adding s {{en-noun-reg-both}} On the page for heat {{en-noun-reg-both}} will produce
heat (countable and uncountable; plural heats)
Nouns that are both countable and uncountable with regular plurals formed by adding es {{en-noun-reg-es-both}} On the page for moss {{en-noun-reg-es-both}} will produce
moss (countable and uncountable; plural mosses)
Nouns that are both countable and uncountable with regular plurals and end in y preceded by a consonant {{en-noun-reg-y-both}} On the page for folly {{en-noun-reg-y-both|foll|y}} will produce
folly (countable and uncountable; plural follies)
Nouns that are both countable and uncountable with irregular plurals {{en-noun-irreg-both}} On the page for man {{en-noun-irreg-both}} will produce
man (countable and uncountable; plural men)

Comparatives and superlatives of adjectives[edit]

The following templates may be used under a ===Adjective=== header to give the adjective and its comparative(s) and superlative(s). Using these templates will also add the adjective to the "English adjectives" category.

Use Template Example output
Adjectives that form the comparative by adding er and the superlative by adding est {{en-adj-er}} On the page for cold {{en-adj-er}} will produce
cold (Template:compar colder, Template:superl coldest)
Adjectives ending in e that form the comparative by adding er and the superlative by adding est {{en-adj-er-e}} On the page for late {{en-adj-er-e|lat|e}} will produce
late (Template:compar later, Template:superl latest)
Adjectives that form the comparative by adding er and the superlative by adding est and double the final consonant {{en-adj-er-double}} On the page for hot {{en-adj-er-double|ho|t}} will produce
hot (Template:compar hotter, Template:superl hottest)
Adjectives that end in y and form the comparative by then adding er and the superlative by adding est, and that change the final y to i {{en-adj-er-y}} On the page for tasty {{en-adj-er-y|tast|y}} will produce
tasty (Template:compar tastier, Template:superl tastiest)
Adjectives that form the comparative using more and the superlative using most {{en-adj-more}} On the page for wonderful {{en-adj-more}} will produce
wonderful (Template:compar more wonderful, Template:superl most wonderful)
Adjectives that can form the comparative either by adding er or by using more and the superlative either by adding est or by using most {{en-adj-both}} On the page for common {{en-adj-both}} will produce
common (Template:compar commoner or more common, Template:superl commonest or most common)
Adjectives ending in y that can form the comparative either by adding er or by using more and the superlative either by adding est or by using most, and that change the final y to i {{en-adj-both-y}} On the page for likely {{en-adj-both-y|likel|y}} will produce
likely (Template:compar likelier or more likely, Template:superl likeliest or most likely)
Adjectives that do not have a comparative or superlative {{en-adj-notcomp}} On the page for triple {{en-adj-notcomp}} will produce
triple (not comparable)

Inflections of regular verbs[edit]

Regular verb inflection templates are as follows:

For infinitives ending in Use this template With the parameters Examples
1 2 3
  • -ee
  • -oe
  • -ye
{{en-infl-reg-vowel-e}} the infinitive minus the e the e nothing, leave blank
  • {{en-infl-reg-vowel-e|fre|e|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-vowel-e|ho|e|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-vowel-e|dy|e|}}
  • -ie
{{en-infl-reg-ie}} the infinitive minus the ie the ie nothing, leave blank
  • {{en-infl-reg-ie|t|ie|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-ie|d|ie|}}
  • -Xe (where X is any letter apart from e, i, o, or y)
{{en-infl-reg-other-e}} the infinitive minus the e the e nothing, leave blank
  • {{en-infl-reg-other-e|admir|e|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-other-e|lov|e|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-other-e|calqu|e|}}
  • -s
  • -z
  • -x
  • -sh
  • -ch
{{en-infl-reg-sibilant}} the infinitive minus the suffix the suffix a doubling consonant, if the verb is a doubling verb
  • {{en-infl-reg-sibilant|his|s|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-sibilant|bu|s|s}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-sibilant|buz|z|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-sibilant|perple|x|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-sibilant|scrat|ch|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-sibilant|slo|sh|}}
  • -Xy (where X is any consonant or group of consonants)
{{en-infl-reg-consonant-y}} the infinitive minus the y the y nothing, leave blank
  • {{en-infl-reg-consonant-y|cr|y|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-consonant-y|sp|y|}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-consonant-y|ratif|y|}}
  • -X (where X is any letter not covered above)
{{en-infl-reg-consonant}} the whole infinitive nothing, leave blank a doubling consonant, if the verb is a doubling verb
  • {{en-infl-reg-consonant|walk||}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-consonant|trek||k}}
  • {{en-infl-reg-consonant|moult||}}

Inflections of irregular verbs[edit]

{{en-infl-irreg}}

This template allows you to enter the verb inflections of an irregular verb. The arguments are: uninflected form, third-person singular present tense, present participle, simple past, past participle. It also adds the verb to the category category:English irregular verbs.

Example: The conjugation of the irregular verb to set is given by {{en-infl-irreg|set|sets|setting|set|set}}, which generates the following text:
to set (third-person singular simple present sets, present participle setting, simple past set, past participle set)

Notes[edit]

  • A doubling regular verb is one that doubles up the final consonant when forming the present participle, simple past, and past participle.
    • Some verbs (e.g. yodel) are doubling regular verbs in Commonwealth English and non-doubling regular verbs in United States English. This is most easily handled by using two instances of the relevant template, one with the doubling consonant and one without, tagging with {{context|UK|lang=und}} or {{context|US|lang=und}} as needed.
  • Some verbs also optionally double the final consonant in the third person singular simple present (e.g. the third person singular simple present of bus can be both buses and busses). This is most easily handled by using two templates, the first the relevant regular inflection template and the second an irregular inflection template, treating the simple present doubling as an irregularity. Alternately, use the template formation as a reference for cases like this, and enter the inflections manually.
  • Some verbs have both regular and irregular inflections (e.g. bet, burn, dive, dwell, fit, leap, lean, misspell, mow, plead, quit, smell, sneak, sow, speed, spell, spill, spoil, strive, thrive, tread, work). Again, this is most easily handled by using two templates, the first the relevant regular inflection template and the second an irregular inflection template. Perhaps clearer, when the inflection itself is so convoluted, is to use the templates only for reference in these cases (perhaps by using {{subst:en-infl-irreg|word}} then editing it a second time.) In each of the special cases, remember to add a usage note describing the prescritivistic and descriptivistic argument for each contested form.