Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- First attested in 1541.
- From Latin abdicātus (“renounced”), perfect passive participle of abdicō (“renounce, reject, disclaim”), formed from ab (“away”) + dicō (“proclaim, dedicate, declare”), akin to dīcō (“say”).
- (transitive, obsolete) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child; to disown; to disinherit. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 19th century.]
- (transitive, reflexive, obsolete) To formally separate oneself from or to divest oneself of. [First attested from the mid 16th century until the late 17th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To depose. [Attested from the early 17th century until the late 18th century.]
- (transitive, obsolete) To reject; to cast off; to discard. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 17th century.]
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Hall to this entry?)
- (transitive) To surrender, renounce or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the papacy; to fail to fulfill responsibility for. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Note: The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James II, to abandon without a formal surrender.
- (intransitive) To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity; to renounce sovereignty. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
- (surrender, renounce, or relinquish): give up, relinquish, renounce, quit, vacate, surrender, relent
- (reject; cast off): forsake, abandon, desert, renounce, relent
- (disclaim and expel from family; disown; disinherit): forsake, give up
- (relinquish or renounce a high office or sovereignty): relinquish, renounce, resign, quit, give up, vacate, relent
surrender or relinquish
renounce a throne
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