annus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *atnos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂et-no-, probably from *h₂et- (to go). Cognate with Oscan akno- (year, holiday, time of offering), Gothic 𐌰𐌸𐌽 (aþn, year), dialectal Dutch aden (year). For the root, compare Sanskrit अतति (atati, he wanders, goes).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

annus m (genitive annī); second declension

  1. year
    Viginti annos natus est.
    He is twenty years old.
    Abhinc duo annos factum est.
    It happened two years ago.
  2. time; season

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Ancient Rome, the word annus originally meant "ten months" (from the month martius to december), but later came to mean "twelve months".

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative annus annī
genitive annī annōrum
dative annō annīs
accusative annum annōs
ablative annō annīs
vocative anne annī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

External links[edit]

  • annus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879