brennen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A merger of Old High German brennan (from Proto-Germanic *brannijaną), and Old High German brinnan (from Proto-Germanic *brinnaną). Cognate with Dutch branden, Swedish brinna, Old English beornan, and therefore Modern English burn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

brennen (strong, third-person singular simple present brennt, past tense brannte, past participle gebrannt, past subjunctive brennte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to burn; to light on fire
    Ich beobachtete wie das Haus brannte. — I watched the house burn.
    Es brennt! — There is a fire!
  2. (intransitive) to burn; to be on fire
    Mein Haus brennt! — My house is on fire!
    Trockenes Holz brennt am besten. — Dry wood burns best.
  3. (intransitive) to have a strong affection for; to be affectionate
    Ich brenne darauf sie zu besuchen! — I would really like to visit her.
  4. (intransitive) to be lit, to be on (of a light or lamp)
    Das Licht in der Küche brannte noch immer. — The light in the kitchen was still on.
  5. (intransitive) to irritate; to induce pain or another pianful sensation; to bite; to sting (especially in the eyes)
    Die Zwiebeln brennen in meinen Augen! — The onions sting in my eyes!
    Dieser Senf brennt wie Teufel auf meiner Zunge! — This mustard bites my tongue like hell!
  6. (intransitive) to smart; to sting (a sore or wound)
  7. (transitive) to fire; to bake; to kiln (tiles and pottery)
    Dachziegel werden im Brennofen gebrannt. — Tiles are baked in a kiln.
    Nach drei Tagen kann die Vase gebrannt werden. — The vase can be fired after three days.
    Keramikwaren müssen gebrannt werden bevor sie genutzt werden können. — Pottery needs to be fired before one can use it.
  8. (transitive) to distil (alcoholic beverages such as schnapps)
  9. (transitive, computing) to burn; to archive data on a storage medium. (such as CDs, DVDs, etc.)
    Kannst du mir 'Das weiße Album' von den Beatles brennen? — Can you burn 'The White Album' from The Beatles for me?
  10. (intransitive, figuratively) to emit heat
    Die Sonne brannte auf sie herab. — The sun was shining upon them with great heat.
  11. to roast
  12. to bream (clean a ship etc. by fire and scraping)

Conjugation[edit]

Like rennen and kennen, this German verb is a merger of Old High German brinnan and its causative form brennan. While the endings in the preterite and past participle are regular, the typical ablaut-pattern can be seen. Thus, this verb is conjugated like kennen and rennen.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German brinnan, from Proto-Germanic *brinnaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

brennen (past participle gebrannt, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive) to burn, to set alight
  2. (intransitive) to burn, to be on fire
  3. (intransitive) to smart, to sting
  4. (transitive) to distil (spirits)
  5. (transitive) to brand (an animal)
  6. (transitive, computing) to burn (a disk)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]