discharge

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman descharger, from Old French deschargier, from Late Latin discarricō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

discharge (third-person singular simple present discharges, present participle discharging, simple past and past participle discharged)

  1. To accomplish or complete, as an obligation.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 3 scene 1
      O most dear mistress, / The sun will set before I shall discharge / What I must strive to do.
  2. To free of a debt, claim, obligation, responsibility, accusation, etc.; to absolve; to acquit; to clear.
    • Dryden
      Discharged of business, void of strife.
    • L'Estrange
      In one man's fault discharge another man of his duty.
  3. To send away (a creditor) satisfied by payment; to pay one's debt or obligation to.
    • Shakespeare
      If he had / The present money to discharge the Jew.
  4. To set aside; to annul; to dismiss.
    • Macaulay
      The order for Daly's attendance was discharged.
  5. To expel or let go.
    • H. Spencer
      Feeling in other cases discharges itself in indirect muscular actions.
  6. To let fly, as a missile; to shoot.
    • Shakespeare
      They do discharge their shot of courtesy.
  7. (electricity) To release (an accumulated charge).
  8. To relieve of an office or employment; to send away from service; to dismiss.
    • Shakespeare
      Discharge the common sort / With pay and thanks.
    • Milton
      Grindal [] was discharged the government of his see.
    1. (medicine) To release (an inpatient) from hospital.
    2. (military) To release (a member of the armed forces) from service.
  9. To release legally from confinement; to set at liberty.
    to discharge a prisoner
  10. To operate (any weapon that fires a projectile, such as a shotgun or sling).
    • Knolles
      The galleys also did oftentimes, out of their prows, discharge their great pieces against the city.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter IV
      I ran forward, discharging my pistol into the creature's body in an effort to force it to relinquish its prey; but I might as profitably have shot at the sun.
  11. To release (an auxiliary assumption) from the list of assumptions used in arguments, and return to the main argument.
  12. To unload a ship or another means of transport.
  13. To put forth, or remove, as a charge or burden; to take out, as that with which anything is loaded or filled.
    to discharge a cargo
  14. To give forth; to emit or send out.
    A pipe discharges water.
  15. To let fly; to give expression to; to utter.
    He discharged a horrible oath.
  16. (obsolete, Scotland) To prohibit; to forbid.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

discharge (countable and uncountable, plural discharges)

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Wikipedia

  1. (medicine) (uncountable) pus or exudate (other than blood) from a wound or orifice, usually due to infection or pathology
  2. the act of accomplishing (an obligation); performance
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 2 scene 1
      Whereof what's past is prologue, what to come / In yours and my discharge.
  3. the act of expelling or letting go
  4. (electricity) the act of releasing an accumulated charge
  5. (medicine) the act of releasing an inpatient from hospital
  6. (military) the act of releasing a member of the armed forces from service
  7. (hydrology) the volume of water transported by a river in a certain amount of time, usually in units of m3/s (cubic meters per second)

Translations[edit]