eruca

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See also: Eruca

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin, a caterpillar; also, a sort of colewort.

Noun[edit]

eruca (plural erucae)

  1. (zoology) An insect in the larval state; a caterpillar; a larva.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gher(s)-uka[1], from Proto-Indo-European *ghers (to bristle), see also Welsh garw (rough), Latin eris (hedgehog), Avestan [script needed] (zarshayamna-, ruffling one's feathers), Sanskrit हर्षते (harṣate, bristles).

Latin erūca and its variant urūca denote the plant and the caterpillar. In such cases, usually the animal name is primary and has been extended to the plant (so the rocket can be interpreted as “caterpillar plant”).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ērūca f (genitive ērūcae); first declension

  1. caterpillar
  2. colewort, rocket

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative ērūca ērūcae
genitive ērūcae ērūcārum
dative ērūcae ērūcīs
accusative ērūcam ērūcās
ablative ērūcā ērūcīs
vocative ērūca ērūcae

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford Dictionary of English, 3rd ed. (2010)
  2. ^ “eruca” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2