immune

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French immun, from Latin immūnis (exempt from public service), from in- (not) + mūnus (service)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immune (comparative more immune, superlative most immune)

  1. (usually with "from") Exempt; not subject to.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, chapter 2/9/1, “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      He had always been remarkably immune from such little ailments, and had only once in his life been ill, of a vicious pneumonia long ago at school. He hadn't the faintest idea what to with a cold in the head, he just took quinine and continued to blow his nose.
    As a diplomat, you are immune from prosecution.
  2. (medicine, usually with "to") Protected by inoculation, or due to innate resistance to pathogens.
    I am immune to chicken pox.
  3. (by extension) Not vulnerable.
    Alas, he was immune to my charms.
  4. (medicine) Of or pertaining to the immune system.
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3: 
      Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
    We examined the patient's immune response.

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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

immune (plural immunes)

  1. (epidemiology) A person who is not susceptible to infection by a particular disease
    • 1965, Rene J. Dubos & James G. Hirsch editors, Bacterial and Mycotic Infections of Man[2], page 742:
      Susceptibles effectively exposed to cases become cases in the next time period; cases recovering from the infection accumulate as immunes.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

immune (third-person singular simple present immunes, present participle immuning, simple past and past participle immuned)

  1. (rare, transitive) To make immune.
    • Thomas Hardy
      In the seventies those who met me did not know / Of the vision / That immuned me from the chillings of mis-prision []
    • 1905, American Veterinary Medical Association, Journal (volume 29, page 42)
      The utilization of such milk will, however, necessitate an adaptable milk preservation method, through which the immuning agents will not be destroyed or diminished.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin immūnis (exempt from public service).

Adjective[edit]

immune m, f (masculine and feminine plural immunes)

  1. immune

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Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immune m, f (masculine and feminine plural immuni)

  1. immune, exempt, free, unscathed

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Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

immūne

  1. nominative neuter singular of immūnis
  2. accusative neuter singular of immūnis
  3. vocative neuter singular of immūnis