lexeme

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See also: lexème

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin lexis, from Ancient Greek λέξις (léksis, word) + -eme a suffix indicating a fundamental unit in some aspect of linguistic structure. Extracted from phoneme, from Ancient Greek φώνημα (phṓnēma, sound), from φωνέω (phōnéō, to sound), from φωνή (phōnḗ, sound).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lexeme (plural lexemes)

  1. (linguistics) Roughly, the set of inflected forms taken by a single word, such as the lexeme RUN including as members "run" (lemma), "running" (inflected form), or "ran", and excluding "runner" (derived term).
  2. (computing) an individual instance of a continuous character sequence without spaces, used in lexical analysis (see token)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Ran, run, runs, and running are variations of the English lexeme run; whereas runner and runners aren’t: they are forms of the lexeme runner.
  • Both hypodermic and dermatologist contain the morpheme derm, which is a root form referring to “skin”. This is not a lexeme, though.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

lexeme n pl

  1. plural form of lexem