nafnháttarmerki

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Icelandic[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From nafnháttur (infinitive) + merki (sign, marker).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnapn.hauhtarˌmɛr̥cɪ/

Noun[edit]

nafnháttarmerki n (genitive singular nafnháttarmerkis, nominative plural nafnháttarmerki)

  1. (grammar) an infinitive particle, an infinitive-marker, an indeclinable particle in front of a verb in the infinitive (abbreviation nhm.)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The wort (to) is the only nafnháttarmerki in all of Icelandic.
  • The nafnháttarmerki is not used before the verbs "munu", "skulu", "mega" and "vilja".
    Ég skal koma. - I shall come.
  • When enumerating, the nafnháttarmerki doesn't appear the latter or later adjacent enumerations.
    Hann kann hvorki lesa né skrifa. (He can neither read nor write)
    Ég kann hoppa, ganga og hlaupa. (I know how to jump, read and run.)