offend

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin offendō (strike, blunder, commit an offense), from ob (to) + *fendō (strike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

offend (third-person singular simple present offends, present participle offending, simple past and past participle offended)

  1. (transitive)  To hurt the feelings of; to displease; to make angry; to insult.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, The China Governess[1]:
      ‘[…] I remember a lady coming to inspect St. Mary's Home where I was brought up and seeing us all in our lovely Elizabethan uniforms we were so proud of, and bursting into tears all over us because “it was wicked to dress us like charity children”. We nearly crowned her we were so offended. She saw us but she didn't know us, did she?’.
    Your accusations offend me deeply.
  2. (intransitive)  To feel or become offended, take insult.
    Don't worry. I don't offend easily.
  3. (transitive)  To physically harm, pain.
    Strong light offends the eye.
  4. (transitive)  To annoy, cause discomfort or resent.
    Physically enjoyable frivolity can still offend the conscience
  5. (intransitive)  To sin, transgress divine law or moral rules.
  6. (transitive)  To transgress or violate a law or moral requirement.
  7. (obsolete, transitive, archaic, biblical)  To cause to stumble; to cause to sin or to fall.
    • 1896, Adolphus Frederick Schauffler, Select Notes on the International Sunday School Lessons, W. A. Wilde company, Page 161,
      "If any man offend not (stumbles not, is not tripped up) in word, the same is a perfect man."
    • New Testament, Matthew 5:29 (Sermon on the Mount),
      "If thine eye offend thee, pluck it out."

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