pentacle

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English[edit]

The Pentacle of the Ark as given in The Sixth Book of Moses (a 19th century version).
The "First Pentacle of the Moon" from an eighteenth century manuscript of the Key of Solomon.
“Endless knot” style of pentacle on baptismal font of Sibenik Cathedral.

Etymology[edit]

From the French pentacle (a five-pointed star), from Medieval Latin pentaculum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pen‧ta‧cle
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɛnt.ə.kl̩/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pentacle (plural pentacles)

  1. A pentagram, especially a physical one used for magical or mystical purposes.
  2. (Neopaganism, Wicca) A pentagram enclosed within a circle, especially a physical one.
  3. A talisman of parchment, sheet metal or other substance marked with a magic symbol or symbols, used in magical evocation.
    • mid- to late-16th century, British Library Additional manuscript 36674[1]:
      ouer this pott and the cyrcle hold the pentacles, and perfume them; and say deuoutly theis psalmes followynge
    • 1572, The Clavicle of Solomon, revealed by Ptolomy the Grecian [British Library Sloane MS 3847][2]:
      of the same pentacles be certayne exorcizmes and names ineffable and carecters and signes of all the science, therefore, in them the whole science of all this art lyeth hydd
    • 1572, The Clavicle of Solomon, revealed by Ptolomy the Grecian [British Library Sloane MS 3847][3]:
      if ye constraine any spirit to come before you and when ye haue shewed him ye secret pentacles, there is none dare say against your minde

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Synonyms[edit]

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French[edit]

Noun[edit]

pentacle m (plural pentacles)

  1. pentacle (star-shaped symbol)

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested at least as early as 1547, borrowing from Latin pentaculum.

Noun[edit]

The magician's Pentacle as depicted in a 1547 French edition of the grimoire Heptameron, spuriously attributed to Peter de Abano.

pentacle m (plural pentacles)

  1. pentacle (talisman of parchment, sheet metal or other substance marked with a magic symbol or symbols, used in magical evocation)
    • 1547, Les Œuvres Magiques de Henri-Corneille Agrippa, Par Pierre d'Aban, Latin et Français, Avec des Secrets occultes[4], "Heptameron" p. 13:
      Il faut de plus, avoir les parfums propres au jour que l'on fait l'opération; il faut auſſi a voir de l'eau benite par un Prêtre, un vaſe de terre neuf, plein de feu, l'Habit & le Pentacle, comme nous l'avons dit
      It is also required, to have the incenses proper to the days that one did the operation; it is also necessary to see the water blessed by a Priest, a new earthen vessel, full of fire, the Garment and the Pentacle, as we have said
    • 1547, Les Œuvres Magiques de Henri-Corneille Agrippa, Par Pierre d'Aban, Latin et Français, Avec des Secrets occultes[5], "Heptameron" p. 14:
      Le Maître qui ſe ſera diſpoſé à la cérémonie par trois jours de jeûne & d'abſtinence & de toutes ſouillures, revêtu de ſes Habits blancs, avec le Pentacle, les Parfums & autres choſes néceſſaires entrera dans le Cercle
      The Master who will be prepared for the ceremony by three days of fasting and abstinence and [cleansed] of all dirt, dressed in his white Garments, with the Pentacle, the Perfumes and other necessary things shall enter the Circle