rue

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See also: rué

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rewe, reowe, from Old English hrēow (sorrow, regret, penitence, repentance, penance), from Proto-Germanic *hrewwō (pain, sadness, regret, repentance), from Proto-Indo-European *krew-, *krow-, *krows- (to push, fall, beat, break). Cognate with Scots rew (rue), West Frisian rouw (sadness), Dutch rouw (mourning, sadness), German Reue (repentance, regret, remorse, contrition), Lithuanian krùšti (to smash, crash, bruise), Russian крушить (krushitʹ, to destroy).

Noun[edit]

rue (uncountable)

  1. (archaic or dialectal) Sorrow; repentance; regret.
  2. (archaic or dialectal) Pity; compassion.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Old English hrēowan, perhaps influenced by Old Norse hryggja (to distress, grieve)[1], from Germanic. Cognate with Dutch rouwen, German reuen.

Verb[edit]

rue (third-person singular simple present rues, present participle ruing or rueing, simple past and past participle rued)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To cause to repent of sin or regret some past action.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To cause to feel sorrow or pity.
  3. (transitive) To repent of or regret (some past action or event); to wish that a past action or event had not taken place.
    I rued the day I crossed paths with her.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Chapman
      I wept to see, and rued it from my heart.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Milton
      Thy will chose freely what it now so justly rues.
  4. (archaic, intransitive) To feel compassion or pity.
    • Late 14th century Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Franklin's Tale’, Canterbury Tales
      Madame, reweth upon my peynes smerte
    • (Can we date this quote?) Ridley
      which stirred men's hearts to rue upon them
  5. (archaic, intransitive) To feel sorrow or regret.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Tennyson
      Old year, we'll dearly rue for you.
Usage notes[edit]

Most frequently used in the collocation “rue the day”.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Rue (plant)

From Anglo-Norman ruwe, Old French rue (> modern French rue), from Latin rūta, from Ancient Greek ῥυτή (rhutḗ). Compare rude.

Noun[edit]

rue (plural rues)

  1. Any of various perennial shrubs of the genus Ruta, especially the herb Ruta graveolens, formerly used in medicines.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.2:
      But th'aged Nourse, her calling to her bowre, / Had gathered Rew, and Savine, and the flowre / Of Camphora, and Calamint, and Dill [...].
    • c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act 4, Scene 5, Ophelia:
      There’s fennel for you, and columbines: there’s rue for you; and here’s some for me: we may call it herb-grace o' Sundays: O you must wear your rue with a difference.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ rue” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Developed figuratively from Latin ruga (wrinkle).

Noun[edit]

rue f (plural rues)

  1. street, road

Etymology 2[edit]

Latin ruta, from Ancient Greek ῥυτή (rhutḗ).

Noun[edit]

rue f (plural rues)

  1. rue (the plant):

Etymology 3[edit]

From ruer

Verb[edit]

rue

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ruer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of ruer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of ruer
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of ruer
  5. second-person singular imperative of ruer

External links[edit]


Guernésiais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Developed figuratively from Latin ruga (wrinkle).

Noun[edit]

rue f (plural rues)

  1. road, street

Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Developed figuratively from Latin ruga (wrinkle).

Noun[edit]

rue f (plural rues)

  1. street

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

rue

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of ruō

Venetian[edit]

Noun[edit]

rue f

  1. plural form of rua