sadden

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sad +‎ -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sadden (third-person singular simple present saddens, present participle saddening, simple past and past participle saddened)

  1. (transitive) to make sad or unhappy
    • Alexander Pope
      Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
  2. (intransitive, rare) to become sad or unhappy
    • 1999, Mary Ann Mitchell, Drawn To The Grave[1]:
      Hyacinth perfume tickled her senses, making her feel giddy, but she saddened when she saw how uncared for the garden was.
    It saddens me to think that I might have hurt someone.
  3. (transitive, rare) to darken a color during dyeing
  4. (transitive) to render heavy or cohesive
    • Mortimer
      Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands.

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