salāts

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See also: salats, Salats, and Salāts

Latvian[edit]

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 Dārzā salāti on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Salāti (1, 2)
Salāti (3)

Etymology[edit]

Via other European languages (cf. French salade, German Salat, Russian салат (salát)), ultimately a borrowing from Vulgar Latin salāta, from saliō “to salt,” from sal “salt,” apparently initially a reference to the sauce (e.g., “salted vegetables”).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

salāts m (1st declension)

  1. lettuce (herbaceous plant of the family Asteraceae, esp. Lactuca sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves)
    dārza salāts — garden lettuce
    lapu salāts — leafy lettuce
    salāti kā kultūra Eiropā parādījās 16. gadsimta vidū, bet senajiem grieķiem, romiešiem un ēģiptiešiem tie jau bija zināmilettuce as culture (= planted) appeared in Europe in the middle o the 16th century, but it was already known to (ancient) Greeks, Romans and Egyptions before that
  2. (usually plural) lettuce (the edible leaves of this plant)
    sagriezt salātus — to cut, chop the lettuce
    sestdien cepta karaša, gabals saziedējušas rupjmaizes un ar krējumu un rūgušpienu sataisīti salāti — on Satudary, (there is) baked flatbread, a piece of hardened rye bread and lettuce prepared with cream and curd milk
  3. (usually plural) salad (food consisting of fresh or cooked vegetables, perhaps with meat or fish, all cut together and served with sauce, oil, or vinegar)
    dārzeņu, biešu, burkānu salāti — vegetable, beet, carrot salad
    augļu salāti — fruit salad
    sēņu salāti — mushroom salad
    gaļas salāti — meat salad
    salātu traukssalad bowl
    izmērcētas pupiņas novāra, gurķus sarīvē skaidās, tomātus sagriež šķēlītēs, lokus sīki sasmalcina... visas salātu sastāvdaļas samaisa... — one cooks the seasoned beans, one cuts the cucumbers into slivers, the tomatoes into slices, the chive into small pieces... all (these) salad ingredients are (then) mixed...
    aukstajā galdā dažādus salātus pasniedz kā papildinājumu gaļas un zivju ēdieniem — in a cold table (= table with cold foods), some kinds of salads are served as complement to meat and fish dishes

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The singular forms are only found when referring to the lettuce plant. The vegetable, as well as the salad, are almost invariably referred to with plural forms.