Etymology 1 
From Middle English fresch, fersch, from Old English fersc (“fresh, pure, sweet”), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (“fresh”), from Proto-Indo-European *preisk- (“fresh”). Cognate with Scots fresch (“fresh”), West Frisian farsk (“fresh”), Dutch vers (“fresh”), Walloon frexh (“fresh”), German frisch (“fresh”), French frais (“fresh”), Danish frisk (“fresh”), fersk, Icelandic ferskur (“fresh”), Lithuanian prėskas (“unflavoured, tasteless, fresh”), Russian пресный (pr'ésnyj, “sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless”).
fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)
- (of meat) Not cooked; raw.
- After taking a beating in the boxing ring, the left side of his face looked like fresh meat.
- (of produce) Not cooked, dried, or frozen.
- I brought home from the market a nice bunch of fresh spinach leaves straight from the farm.
- (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
- 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page vii
- With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get […]
- Refreshing or cool.
- What a nice fresh breeze.
- (of water) Without salt; not saline.
- After a day at sea it was good to feel the fresh water of the stream.
- a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:
- There we made our ſhip faſt with foure ropes, in ſmooth water, and the freſh water ranne downe out of the hill into the ſea, […]
- 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:
- When dissolved, it produces water sometimes perfectly fresh, and sometimes saltish; […]
- 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ISBN 9781582559995, page 1557:
- Additional changes that occur when water enters the lungs depend on whether the water is fresh or salt.
- Rested; not tired or fatigued.
- 2010 December 29, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0 - 1 Wolverhampton”, BBC:
- Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.
- (computing, of a release package or software installation) Having only the files and settings of a specific release of the software package; without updates or upgrades that were released subsequent to the release of a specific version.
- A fresh installation of Windows XP has Internet Explorer version 6.
- QA uses a fresh copy of the old version to test backward-compatibility of new add-ons.
Derived terms 
new or clean
- Albanian: please add this translation if you can
- Arabic: جديد (ar) (jadīd)
- Armenian: թարմ (hy) (t'arm)
- Asturian: please add this translation if you can
- Azeri: təzə (az)
- Belarusian: свежы (be) (svjéžy)
- Bengali: তাজা (bn) (taja)
- Bulgarian: свеж (bg) (svéž)
- Burmese: ကောင်း (my) (kaun:), လန်း (my) (lan:)
- Catalan: fresc (ca)
- Chamicuro: peswatalo
- Cherokee: ᎢᏤᎢ (chr) (itsei)
- Mandarin: 新鮮 (cmn), 新鲜 (cmn) (xīnxiān), 新的 (cmn) (xīn de), 新穎 (cmn), 新颖的 (cmn) (xīnyǐng de)
- Czech: svěží (cs)
- Danish: frisk (da), ny (da)
- Dutch: vers (nl), nieuw (nl)
- Esperanto: freŝa (eo)
- Estonian: värske (et)
- Faroese: feskur (fo), góður (fo), óspiltur (fo)
- Finnish: tuore (fi), veres (fi) (obscure), uusi (fi)
- French: nouveau (fr) m, nouvel (fr), nouvelle (fr) f, nouveaux (fr) m pl, nouvelles (fr) f pl
- Galician: fresco (gl)
- Georgian: ახალი (ka) (axali)
- German: frisch (de)
- Greek: πρόσφατος (el) (prósfatos) m, νέος (el) (néos) m, φρέσκος (el) (freskos) m
- Gujarati: please add this translation if you can
- Hausa: please add this translation if you can
- Hebrew: רענן (he) (ra`anán) m
- Hindi: ताज़ा (hi) (tāzā)
- Hungarian: friss (hu)
- Icelandic: ferskur (is)
- Ido: please add this translation if you can
- Irish: úr (ga)
- Italian: nuovo (it) m, nuova (it) f, recente (it) (of news)
- Japanese: 新鮮な (ja) (しんせんな, shinsen-na)
- Kannada: please add this translation if you can
- Kazakh: жаңа (kk) (jaña), таза (kk) (taza)
- Khmer: please add this translation if you can
- Korean: 신선한 (ko) (sinseon-han)
- Kurdish: please add this translation if you can
- Kyrgyz: жаңы (ky) (cañı), таза (ky) (taza)
of produce, not from storage
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
fresh (plural freshes)
- A rush of water, along a river or on to the land; a flood.
- 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of, Nebraska 1987, p. 21:
- They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah's fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.
Etymology 2 
1848, US slang, probably from German frech (“impudent, cheeky, insolent”), from Middle High German vrech (“bold, brave, lively”), from Old High German freh (“greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous”), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (“greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (“to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash”). Cognate with Old English frec (“greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous”). More at freak.
fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)
- Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
- No one liked his fresh comments.
- Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.
- Hey, don't get fresh with me!
Derived terms