saule

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See also: saulė, saulę, saulē, Saule, Säule, and Saulē

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

saule (plural saules)

  1. Obsolete form of soul.
  2. (Scotland) A hired mourner at a funeral.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Scott to this entry?)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French saule, from Old French saule (willow), from Old Frankish *salha (willow), from Proto-Germanic *salhō, *salhǭ (willow), from Proto-Indo-European *salǝḱ-, *salǝk- (willow). Cognate with Old High German salaha (willow), Old English sealh (willow), Latin salix (willow, willow branch), Middle Irish sail (willow). More at sallow.

Old French saule displaced Old French sauz (willow), from Latin salix.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

saule m (plural saules)

  1. willow, willow tree

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Saule on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Saule
Saules sistēma

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *saul-, *saulē-, from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥, *sāwel-, *swel- (sun) (from Proto-Indo-European *sāu- (to shine, to sparkle), with a suffix -l). Cognates include Lithuanian sáulė, Old Prussian saule, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌿𐌹𐌻 (sauil), Ancient Greek ἥλιος (hēlios) (< *sāwel-iyos), Old Norse sól (Icelandic sól, Swedish sol), Latin sōl (< *swōl; Spanish sol, Portuguese sol, Italian sole, French soleil, originally a diminutive). With suffix -n instead of -l, cognates include Gothic 𐍃𐌿𐌽𐌽𐍉 (sunnō), Old High German, Old Norse sunna (German Sonne, English sun). Hibrid forms with both -l and -n include Proto-Slavic *sъlnь, whence Proto-Slavic *sъlnьce, a diminutive (cf. Russian солнце (sólnce)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

saule f (5th declension)

  1. sun (the star at the center of the Solar System, from which light and heat reach the Earth)
    saule spīd — the sun is shining
    rīta, vakara, vasaras saule — morning, evening, summer sun
    saule lec, riet — the sun rises, sets
    saules lēkts, rietssunrise, sunset
    celties līdz ar sauli — to rise with the sun (= early)
    saules stari, gaisma, siltumssun beams, light, heat
    saules sistēmaSolar System
    saules aptumsumssolar eclipse
    saules vējšsolar wind
    saules plankumisun spots
    saules enerģijasolar energy
  2. sun, sunlight (the light and heat that comes from the sun; area reached by this light and heat)
    sildīties saulē — to bask in the sun
    istabā nav saules — in the room there is no sun
    kaktusiem vajadzīgs daudz saules — cactuses need much sun
    acis žilbst saulē — eyes are dazzled in the sun
    atlaisties saulē — to sit in the sun
  3. (poetic) world
    šajā saulē dzivot — to live in this world
    aiziet viņā saulē — to go away from this world, to die

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

When used to refer to the central star of the Solar System, especially if seen as a location, saule is often capitalized: Saule.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “saule” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

saule

  1. instrumental singular of saulė
  2. vocative singular of saulė