scathe

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English scathe, from Old English sceaþa (also sceaþu) ("scathe, harm, injury"), from Proto-Germanic *skaþô (damage, scathe), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kēt- (damage, harm).

Noun[edit]

scathe (plural scathes)

  1. Harm; damage; injury; hurt; misfortune.
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English scathen, skathen, from Old English sceaþan, scaþan (to scathe, hurt, harm, injure) and Old Norse skaða (to hurt); both from Proto-Germanic *skaþōną (to injure). Cognate with Danish skade, German schaden, Swedish skada; compare Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌸𐌾𐌰𐌽 (skaþjan), Old Norse skeðja (to hurt). Compare Ancient Greek ἀσκηθής (askēthḗs, unhurt), Albanian shkathët (skillful, adept, clever), Polish skaleczyć (to hurt, scathe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

scathe (third-person singular simple present scathes, present participle scathing, simple past and past participle scathed)

  1. (archaic) To injure.
    • Milton
      As when heaven's fire / Hath scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines.
    • Washington Irving
      Strokes of calamity that scathe and scorch the soul.
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