From early modern Dutch sluis (“sluice”), from Middle Dutch sluse (“sluice”), from Old Dutch slusa, from Late Latin sclusa, from Late Latin exclusa, from Latin exclūsus, form of exclūdō (“I shut out, I exclude”) (English exclude).
sluice (plural sluices)
- An artificial passage for water, fitted with a valve or gate, as in a mill stream, for stopping or regulating the flow; also, a water gate or flood gate.
- Hence, an opening or channel through which anything flows; a source of supply.
- The stream flowing through a flood gate.
- (mining) A long box or trough through which water flows, used for washing auriferous earth.
- (linguistics) An instance of wh-stranding ellipsis, or sluicing.
- (rare) To emit by, or as by, flood gates.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
- To wet copiously, as by opening a sluice; as, to sluice meadows.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Howitt to this entry?)
- To wash with, or in, a stream of water running through a sluice.
- (linguistics) To elide the C` in a coordinated wh-question. See sluicing.
- (washing in mining): pan
- For usage examples of this term, see the citations page.