upuris

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Latvian[edit]

Kara upuris (2)

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Middle Dutch upper, or from Middle High German opper (cf. German Opfer), itself a borrowing from Latin operārī (to try, to strive for; to offer, to sacrifice). This word is first mentioned in 17th-century dictionaries

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

upuris m (2nd declension)

  1. (religion, mythology) offering, sacrifice (object or living being offered to a god or gods in a religious ritual so as to satisfy them or win their favor)
    upura kalnssacrificial hill
    upura jērssacrificial lamb
    bet Dievs upuri nav pieņēmis — but God did not accept the offering
  2. victim (living being, usually human, which is exposed to, or killed by, direct violence, or a disaster or catastrophe)
    kara upuris — war victim
    slepkavas upuris — the assassin's victim
    terora upuris — terror victim
    plūdu upuri — flood victims
    satiksmes negadījuma upuris — car accident victim
    ērglis metās uz savu upuri — the eagle threw itself on its victim
  3. (figuratively) victim (living being, usually human, who have to bear the unpleasant consequences of some act or event)
    alkohola upuris — a victim of alcohol
    sagadīšanās upuris — a victim of coincidence
    nepareizas audzināšanas upuris — a victim of improper upbringing
    savas godkārības upuris — a victim of one's own ambitions
  4. (figuratively) sacrifice (the act of giving up something for some ulterior purpose, goal)
    sabiedriskais darbs, Dievam žēl, prasa upurus; un arī izdevumus — social work, unfortunately, requires sacrifices; and also costs
    pēc Maijas nāves naivi domāju, ka neprecēšos nekad... tas bija smieklīgi, jo nevienam nebija vajadzīga šī atteikšanās, šis upuris — after Maija's death I thought naively that I would never get married... this was ridiculous, because nobody needed this renunciation, this sacrifice
    Kasparovs piedāvāja zirdziņa upuri — (Chess Master) Kasparov offered the sacrifice of a horse

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]