veikls

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the verb veikt (to carry out, to accomplish) (q.v.). This word varied its semantics rather strongly throughout time and space (meaning at times “circumspect, calm,” “modest, virtuous,” “successful,” etc.) Cognates include Lithuanian veiklùs (active, diligent), veikùs (quick, agile; capable).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

veikls (def. veiklais, comp. veiklāks, sup. visveiklākais; adv. veikli)

  1. (of people, animals, their bodies) agile, dexterous, deft, neat, skillful, precise (that which moves quickly, smoothly, precisely; which works quickly, smoothly, efficiently)
    veikls peldētājs, skrējējsagile swimmer, runner
    veikla strādnieceskillful (female) worker
    veikla dejotājaagile, deft (female) dancer
    veiklas rokasagile, deft hands
    veikls stāstītājs, rakstītājsskillful, deft storyteller, writer
    vāvere ir ļoti veikla — the squirrel is very agile
    Ilma ir vēl stalta sieva, lokana kā vica un veikla kā zebiekste — Irma is still a stately woman, flexible like a twig and agile like a weasel
    lai gan Tibils bija jau vecs, bet kalnā kapšanā viņš bija veiklāks par dēlu — though ibils was already old, at mountain climbing he was more agile, more skillful than (his) son
    uz sauszemes krokodils nevarēja sagrābt ne zālēdājus, ne putnus, jo nebija pietiekami veikls — on dry land, crocodiles cannot catch herbivores or birds, because they were not sufficiently agile
  2. (of actions) agile, dexterous, deft, neat, precise (carried out with speed, agility, neatness, precision)
    veikls lēciensagile leap
    veiklas pirkstu kustībasagile finger movements
  3. (of people) able, resourceful, quick-witted, skillful (capable of using a situation to one's advantage; expressing such capacity)
    veikls runātājsable, deft, skillful speaker
    veikls blēdisable, skillful cheat, swindler
    veikla runaquick(-witted) (= also, compelling) talk
    veikls manevrsable, skillful maneuver
    Viesturs liegi uzklāja Everīnas pleciem savu žaketi; jā, viņš bija veikls zēns un īsts džentlmenis — Viesturs gently covered Everīna's shoulders with his jacket; yes, he was an able, resourceful boy and a true gentleman

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “veikls” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7