ātrums

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From ātrs (fast, quick) +‎ -ums.

Noun[edit]

ātrums m (1st declension)

  1. (physics) speed, velocity (property of motion, defined by the distance covered in a unit amount of time)
    skrējiena ātrumsrace speed
    skaņas ātrumsspeed of sound
    gaismas ātrumsspeed of light
    kosmiskais ātrumsescape (lit. cosmic) velocity
    ātruma rādītājs, spidometrs — speed indicator, speedometer
    uzņemt ātrumsto pick up, to increase speed
    zibens ātruma bezdelīgas šaujas no mājām uz laukuwith lightning speed the swallows flew (lit. shot) from home to the field
  2. (of processes, activities, events) speed, rapidity, rate
    elpošanas ātrumsbreathing rate
    pulsācijas ātrumspulse, pulsation rate
    zivju augšanas ātrumsfish growth rate
    uztveres ātrumsperceptual speed
    viss norisinājās neiedomājamā ātrumā' everything happened at an incredible speed
  3. (in locative) in a hurry, hurriedly
    ātrumā aizmirst ko pateiktto forget what to say in a hurry
    ātrumā kļūdītiesto make a mistake in a hurry, hurriedly
  4. (cars, automobiles) gear
    braukt ar trešo ātrumuto ride in, with the third gear
    pārslēgt ātrumuto shift gears
    šoferis pārslēdza ātrumu, lai mašīna straujāk ripotu uz priekšuthe driver shifted gears, so that the car would ride forward faster

Declension[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]