ātrums

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From ātrs(fast, quick) +‎ -ums.

Noun[edit]

ātrums m (1st declension)

  1. (physics) speed, velocity (property of motion, defined by the distance covered in a unit amount of time)
    skrējiena ātrums‎ ― race speed
    skaņas ātrums‎ ― speed of sound
    gaismas ātrums‎ ― speed of light
    kosmiskais ātrums‎ ― escape (lit. cosmic) velocity
    ātruma rādītājs, spidometrs — speed indicator, speedometer
    uzņemt ātrums‎ ― to pick up, to increase speed
    zibens ātruma bezdelīgas šaujas no mājām uz lauku‎ ― with lightning speed the swallows flew (lit. shot) from home to the field
  2. (of processes, activities, events) speed, rapidity, rate
    elpošanas ātrums‎ ― breathing rate
    pulsācijas ātrums‎ ― pulse, pulsation rate
    zivju augšanas ātrums‎ ― fish growth rate
    uztveres ātrums‎ ― perceptual speed
    viss norisinājās neiedomājamā ātrumā'‎ ― everything happened at an incredible speed
  3. (in locative) in a hurry, hurriedly
    ātrumā aizmirst ko pateikt‎ ― to forget what to say in a hurry
    ātrumā kļūdīties‎ ― to make a mistake in a hurry, hurriedly
  4. (cars, automobiles) gear
    braukt ar trešo ātrumu‎ ― to ride in, with the third gear
    pārslēgt ātrumu‎ ― to shift gears
    šoferis pārslēdza ātrumu, lai mašīna straujāk ripotu uz priekšu‎ ― the driver shifted gears, so that the car would ride forward faster

Declension[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]