верста

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic вьрста (vĭrsta), from Proto-Slavic *vȇrstъ. Cognate with Ukrainian верства́ (verstvá), Old East Slavic вьрста (vĭrsta, age, couple, age-mate, verst (measure of length)), Old Church Slavonic врьста (vrĭsta, age), Bulgarian връст (vrǎst, age), Serbo-Croatian вр́ста (row, type), Slovene vŕsta (row, string, type, age) (tonal orthography), vȓst (row, type) (tonal orthography), Czech vrstva (layer), Slovak vrstva, Polish warstwa (row, layer), Upper Sorbian woršta. Cognate with Russian верте́ть (vertétʹ, to turn); per Vasmer, the initial meaning was "turning over of a plow". Further cognate with Lithuanian var̃stas (verst, distance plowed at one time in one direction) (also varsnà), participial vir̃stas, Oscan vorsus (measure of arable land, literally turning over), Latin versus (earlier vorsus), Sanskrit वृत्त (vṛttá, round, twisted). Compare све́рстник (svérstnik, coeval, age-mate).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [vʲɪrˈsta]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

верста́ (verstáf inan (genitive версты́, nominative plural вёрсты, genitive plural вёрст)

  1. (dated) verst (unit of length equal to 1,066.8 m), used in many expressions
    За версту́ ви́дно (слы́шно, па́хнет)
    Za verstú vídno (slýšno, páxnet)
    One can see (hear, smell) (from) a mile away
    обходи́ть за версту́ (idiom)obxodítʹ za verstúavoid like a leper
  2. (colloquial) kilometre

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]