икра

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Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьkrā, from Proto-Indo-European *ikʷ(e)r- (fish egg).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

икра (ikraf (plural икри)

  1. roe (fish eggs)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • икра” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language]

Old Ruthenian[edit]

икра́

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic икра́ (ikrá), from Proto-Slavic *jьkrà, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ikrāˀ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥, from *Hyekʷ-. Cognate with Russian икра́ (ikrá), Old Church Slavonic икра (ikra).

Noun[edit]

и҆кра̀ (ikráf inan

  1. caviar, roe

Descendants[edit]

  • Belarusian: ікра́ (ikrá, caviar, roe)
  • Rusyn: икра́ (ykrá, caviar, roe)
  • Ukrainian: ікра́ (ikrá, caviar, roe; cow udder)
    • Ukrainian: ікри́ця f (ikrýcja, caviar, roe) (obsolete, dialectal)
    • Ukrainian: гыкра́к m (hykrák, fish with roe) (West Polesian dialect)
    • Ukrainian: кри́ц’а f (krýcʺa, hard oily clay; cast iron) (Boyko dialect)

Further reading[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jьkrā, from Proto-Indo-European *ikʷ(e)r- (fish egg), perhaps from *Hyékʷr̥ (liver).[1] Compare the semantic development of English roe; however, this is not an etymological cognate.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɪˈkra]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

икра́ (ikráf inan (genitive икры́, nominative plural и́кры, genitive plural икр)

  1. (only singular) roe, spawn (of fish), also small eggs of frogs or other amphibia
    мета́ть икру́metátʹ ikrúto spawn
  2. (only singular) caviar (as food)
    зерни́стая икра́zernístaja ikrásoft caviar
    ке́товая икра́kétovaja ikráred caviar, ikra
    у́стричная икра́ústričnaja ikráspat
  3. (figuratively, only singular) paste (dish of mushrooms or vegetables minced into small particles)
    баклажа́нная икра́baklažánnaja ikráaubergine paste
    кабачко́вая икра́kabačkóvaja ikrámarrow paste
    грибна́я икра́gribnája ikrámushroom paste
  4. (usually in the plural) calf of the leg, (musculus gastrocnemius) gastrocnemius muscle
    игра́ть и́крами
    igrátʹ íkrami
    to repeatedly quickly tense and relax the calves of the legs
    (literally, “to play with the calves”)
  5. (obsolete) drifting ice floe (especially on a river)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 504, partial translation

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ikra, *jьkrā, from Proto-Indo-European *ikʷ(e)r- (fish egg).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /îkra/
  • Hyphenation: и‧кра

Noun[edit]

и̏кра f (Latin spelling ȉkra)

  1. (uncountable) roe (fish)
  2. (uncountable) caviar

Declension[edit]