ёрш

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Russian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Possibly from *jerъxь (something thorny, jagged), from *(j)erъx-.

Per Vasmer, the original meaning (still found dialectally) was "jagged nail". In the contemporary sense attested since late 15th century.

Cognate with Ukrainian йорж (jorž, ruffe). Compare also Russian еро́шить (jeróšitʹ, to ruffle), Russian еро́ховый (jeróxovyj, branchy, gnarly) (about a tree or wood, dialectal), Lithuanian erškė̃tis, Latvian ẽršk̨is (thorn).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [jɵrʂ]

Noun[edit]

ёрш (joršm anim or m inan (genitive ерша́, nominative plural ерши́, genitive plural ерше́й)

  1. ruff (Gymnocephalus cernua syn. Acerina cernua)
  2. bristle brush, bottle brush
  3. go-devil
  4. mixture of vodka and beer

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kiparsky, Valentin (1975) Russische historische Grammatik. Band III: Entwicklung des Wortschatzes (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 171
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “ерш”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress