ականջ

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Armenian[edit]

ականջ

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ականջ ‎(akanǰ); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ականջ ‎(akanǰ)

  1. (anatomy) ear

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the dual of ունկն ‎(unkn), from earlier *ագկանջ ‎(*agkanǰ), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e/o)ws-kn̥-ih₁, from *h₂ṓws.

Noun[edit]

ականջ ‎(akanǰ

  1. ear
    թմբուկ ականջաց‎ ― tʿmbuk akanǰacʿ ― drum, tympanum
    խնուլ զականջս‎ ― xnul zakanǰs ― to stop one's ears
    ուղղել զականջս‎ ― ułłel zakanǰs ― to prick up one's ears
    ասել, խօսել յականջս‎ ― asel, xōsel yakanǰs ― to speak in one's ear
    ցաւ ականջաց‎ ― cʿaw akanǰacʿ ― ear-ache
    քչփորիկ ականջաց‎ ― kʿčʿpʿorik akanǰacʿ ― ear-picker
    գէջ ականջաց‎ ― gēǰ akanǰacʿ ― ear-wax
    ականջ ծովու‎ ― akanǰ covu ― cove, creek
    ականջ ձկան‎ ― akanǰ jkan ― mussel
    ձգել զականջ ուրուք‎ ― jgel zakanǰ urukʿ ― to pinch the ear of someone; to rub his ears

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Classically used only in the plural ականջք ‎(akanǰkʿ), referring to both ears; ունկն ‎(unkn) referred to a single ear. This is one of few words in which the Proto-Indo-European dual number has survived. See ակն ‎(akn)/աչք ‎(ačʿkʿ) for another example.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ականջ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ականջ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ականջ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • “akanǰ” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 21