աչք

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Armenian[edit]

աչք

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աչք ‎(ačʿkʿ); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աչք ‎(ačʿkʿ)

  1. (anatomy) eye
    կապույտ աչքեր‎ ― kapuyt ačʿkʿer ― blue eyes

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (archaic) ակն ‎(akn) (akn)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃(o)kʷih₁ ‎(both eyes), dual of *h₃okʷ-, *h₃ekʷ- ‎(eye), +‎ ‎(-kʿ).

Noun[edit]

աչք ‎(ačʿkʿpl

  1. eyes; sight; look
    աչս արձակել՝ արկանել‎ ― ačʿs arjakel, arkanel ― to cast eyes upon, to desire
    ըստ աչս դատել‎ ― əst ačʿs datel ― to judge by first sight
    յաչս դնել‎ ― yačʿs dnel ― to despise
    առ աչս հայել‎ ― aṙ ačʿs hayel ― to pay respect to persons
    յաչաց հանել‎ ― yačʿacʿ hanel ― to render odious
    յաչաց ելանել‎ ― yačʿacʿ elanel ― to be in disgrace, to lose the good graces of any one
    առ աչօք‎ ― aṙ ačʿōkʿ ― fantastical, fanciful, chimerical; visibly
    առ աչօք ինչ տեսիլ, երեւոյթ‎ ― aṙ ačʿōkʿ inčʿ tesil, erewoytʿ ― spectre, phantom, ghost; vision, illusion
    կալ աչաց‎ ― kal ačʿacʿ ― to become blind
    թերաբաց աչք‎ ― tʿerabacʿ ačʿkʿ ― half-closed eyes
    յաչս դնել‎ ― yačʿs dnel ― to be bold, to brave, to defy
    աչք յարտասուս‎ ― ačʿkʿ yartasus ― tears in the eyes, weeping
    զաչս ի վայր արկանել‎ ― začʿs i vayr arkanel ― to lower the eyes
    ցաւ աչաց‎ ― cʿaw ačʿacʿ ― complaint, pain in the eyes

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word was used as the plural form of ակն ‎(akn, eye) and referred to both eyes. Not so in modern Armenian.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աչք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աչք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աչք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ač‘-k‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 98