կարծր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian կարծր (karcr); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

կարծր (karcr)

  1. hard, tough, rough, stiff, solid, firm
  2. (figuratively) cruel, callous

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥ǵ-. Cognates include Ancient Greek γοργός (gorgos, terrible), Γοργώ (Gorgō, Gorgon) and Old Irish garg, gargg (fierce).

Adjective[edit]

կարծր (karcr

  1. hard, rough, harsh; stiff; solid, firm, steady
  2. (figuratively) harsh, severe

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • կարծր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • կարծր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • կարծր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Antoine Meillet (1913), Altarmenisches Elementarbuch, Heidelberg: C. Winter, page 50